J9九游会AG

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现场施工的管理要素

技术问题

作为一个工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)项(xiang)目,特(te)(te)别是(shi)(shi)装饰工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng),其施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)复杂(za),材料品种繁多,各施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)种班组(zu)多。这要求J9九游会AG 作为现场施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)管理人员(yuan)务必做(zuo)好(hao)技术(shu)准备(bei)(bei),首先,必须熟悉(xi)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)图(tu)纸,针(zhen)对具体的(de)(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)合同要求,尽(jin)最大(da)限度去优(you)化每(mei)一道工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)序,每(mei)一分(fen)项(xiang)(部)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng),同时考虑(lv)自(zi)身的(de)(de)(de)资源(yuan)(施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)队伍、材料供应、资金(jin)、设备(bei)(bei)等)各气候(hou)等自(zi)然(ran)条件,认(ren)真、合理地(di)做(zuo)好(hao)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)组(zu)织(zhi)计划,并以横道图(tu)或网(wang)络图(tu)表示出来,从大(da)入(ru)小,由面及点,确保每(mei)一分(fen)项(xiang)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)能纳入(ru)受控范围之中。其次,针(zhen)对工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)特(te)(te)点,除了合理的(de)(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)组(zu)织(zhi)计划外,还必须在具体的(de)(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)上作好(hao)技术(shu)准备(bei)(bei),特(te)(te)别是(shi)(shi)高新技术(shu)要求的(de)(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)。

技术(shu)(shu)储备包括技术(shu)(shu)管(guan)理(li)(li)人(ren)员,技术(shu)(shu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)长(zhang)及工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren),新(xin)技术(shu)(shu)新(xin)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)(yi)培(pei)训(xun),施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)规范,技术(shu)(shu)交(jiao)底(di)身(shen)先士等工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作。只(zhi)有拥(yong)有高(gao)素质(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)技术(shu)(shu)管(guan)理(li)(li)人(ren)员,洞悉(xi)(xi)具体的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)(yi)才能确保(bao)(bao)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)过程的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)每(mei)一(yi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)序(xu)步骤尽在掌握之中,了(le)然于心,做好各方面突发(fa)情况的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)处理(li)(li)准(zhun)备方案(an),以(yi)保(bao)(bao)证(zheng)能按时保(bao)(bao)质(zhi)地完成。通过有计划(hua)有目的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)培(pei)训(xun),技术(shu)(shu)交(jiao)底(di),可以(yi)使(shi)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)技术(shu)(shu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren),工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)长(zhang)熟悉(xi)(xi)新(xin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)(yi),新(xin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)材(cai)料(liao)特性(xing),共同提高(gao)技术(shu)(shu)操作、施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)水平,进而(er)保(bao)(bao)证(zheng)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)质(zhi)量(liang),再者,从技术(shu)(shu)角(jiao)度出(chu)发(fa),施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)质(zhi)量(liang)问题是否达(da)到相关(guan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)设计要求和有关(guan)规范标准(zhun)要求,仅(jin)仅(jin)从施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)过程中的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)每(mei)一(yi)道工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)序(xu)做出(chu)严格的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)要求是远远不够的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de),必须有相应(ying)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)质(zhi)量(liang)检(jian)查制(zhi)(zhi)度,而(er)建立(li)完善的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)质(zhi)检(jian)制(zhi)(zhi)度、质(zhi)检(jian)手(shou)段(duan)都必须经过科学(xue)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)论证(zheng),所以(yi),必须做好技术(shu)(shu)储备,针对每(mei)一(yi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)序(xu)、每(mei)一(yi)施(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)艺(yi)(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)具体情况提出(chu)不同的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)质(zhi)量(liang)验收(shou)标准(zhun),以(yi)确保(bao)(bao)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程质(zhi)量(liang)。

材(cai)料问(wen)题

相对(dui)于(yu)土建施工(gong),装饰工(gong)程有(you)(you)其固有(you)(you)的特点,主要的一面,就是其所需的材料种类繁多,并且,经(jing)常有(you)(you)许多最新(xin)的材料应用(yong)的问题(ti)(ti)。因此,针对(dui)材料的问题(ti)(ti),必须(xu)解决好材料的以下几方面的问题(ti)(ti)。

①、材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)供应。配(pei)合设计方确定所需材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)的(de)品牌(pai)、材(cai)(cai)质、规格,精心测算(suan)所需材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)的(de)数量,组织材(cai)(cai)料(liao)(liao)(liao)商(shang)供货。

②、材料采(cai)(cai)购(gou),面对(dui)品(pin)类繁多的(de)材料采(cai)(cai)购(gou)单,必(bi)须将数(shu)量(含实际损耗)、品(pin)牌、规格(ge)、产地等(deng)一(yi)一(yi)标识清(qing)楚,尺寸(cun)、材质、模(mo)板等(deng)必(bi)须一(yi)次(ci)到位,以避免材料订购(gou)不符,进而影响工程进度(du)。

③、材(cai)料(liao)分(fen)类(lei)堆放(fang)(fang)。根据(ju)实际现场(chang)情况(kuang)及(ji)进(jin)度(du)情况(kuang),合(he)理安(an)排材(cai)料(liao)进(jin)场(chang),对材(cai)料(liao)做进(jin)场(chang)验收(shou),抽(chou)检(jian)抽(chou)样(yang),并报检(jian)于甲(jia)方、设计单位、。整理分(fen)类(lei),根据(ju)施工(gong)组(zu)织平面布置(zhi)图(tu)指(zhi)定位置(zhi)归(gui)类(lei)堆放(fang)(fang)于不同场(chang)地。

④、材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)发放。使(shi)用追踪(zong),清(qing)(qing)验。对于到(dao)场(chang)材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao),清(qing)(qing)验造册登记(ji),严(yan)格(ge)按照施工(gong)进(jin)度凭材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)出库(ku)单(dan)发放使(shi)用,并且需对发放材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)进(jin)行(xing)追踪(zong),避(bi)免材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)丢失,或者浪费。特别是要对型材(cai)(cai)(cai)下料(liao)这一环节严(yan)格(ge)控制。对于材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)的库(ku)存量(liang),库(ku)管员务必及(ji)时整理(li)盘点,并注(zhu)意对各材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)分(fen)类堆放,易燃品,防潮(chao)品均需采取相就的材(cai)(cai)(cai)料(liao)保护措施。

施(shi)工(gong)问题

施工(gong)(gong)的关键是(shi)进(jin)度和(he)(he)质量(liang)(liang)。对(dui)于(yu)进(jin)度,原则(ze)上(shang)按原施工(gong)(gong)组织计(ji)划(hua)执行。但作为(wei)一(yi)个(ge)项目而言,现场情(qing)况(kuang)千变万化,如材料(liao)供(gong)应,设计(ji)变更等(deng)所难免(mian),绝对(dui)不能模式化,必(bi)(bi)须根据(ju)实(shi)际情(qing)况(kuang)进(jin)行调(diao)整(zheng),安排(pai)。施工(gong)(gong)质量(liang)(liang)能否得(de)于(yu)保证,最(zui)主要的是(shi)一(yi)定要严(yan)格按照(zhao)相关的国家规范和(he)(he)有关标准的要求来完成每一(yi)工(gong)(gong)序(xu),严(yan)禁偷工(gong)(gong)减(jian)料(liao)。必(bi)(bi)须贯彻执行“三(san)检(jian)”制,即自检(jian)、专检(jian)、联检(jian),通(tong)过层层的检(jian)查,验收后方允(yun)许进(jin)入下(xia)一(yi)道工(gong)(gong)序(xu),从而确(que)保整(zheng)个(ge)工(gong)(gong)程的质量(liang)(liang)。 [1] 

人员问题

从一(yi)定意义上来说,人(ren)是决(jue)(jue)定工(gong)(gong)(gong)程成败(bai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)关键。所有(you)的(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程项(xiang)目均是通过人(ren)将材料组织而(er)创(chuang)造出来的(de)(de)(de)(de)。只有(you)拥有(you)一(yi)支富(fu)有(you)创(chuang)造力的(de)(de)(de)(de)、纪律(lv)严明的(de)(de)(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)队伍才(cai)能(neng)完成一(yi)项(xiang)质量优良(liang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程项(xiang)目。怎样才(cai)能(neng)将施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)队伍中的(de)(de)(de)(de)技术管理人(ren)员(yuan)和技术工(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)有(you)机地(di)捏合成近卫军呢?首先(xian),必须营造出一(yi)种荣(rong)辱(ru)与共的(de)(de)(de)(de)氛围(wei),职责(ze)分明但不(bu)失(shi)亲(qin)和力,让所有(you)的(de)(de)(de)(de)员(yuan)工(gong)(gong)(gong)都感到(dao)(dao)(dao)自己是这个项(xiang)目的(de)(de)(de)(de)大家庭中的(de)(de)(de)(de)一(yi)员(yuan)。这一(yi)些(xie),就需(xu)要(yao)J9九游会AG 施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)现(xian)场管理人(ren)员(yuan)充分发挥自己的(de)(de)(de)(de)才(cai)智,对工(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)要(yao)奖罚分明,多鼓励、多举办各类生产(chan)生活(huo)竞赛(sai)活(huo)动,从精神物质上双管齐下,培养凝聚(ju)力。其次(ci),必须明确施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)队伍的(de)(de)(de)(de)管理体(ti)制,各岗位职责(ze),权利(li)明确,做到(dao)(dao)(dao)令(ling)出必行。一(yi)支纪律(lv)严明的(de)(de)(de)(de)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)队伍,面对工(gong)(gong)(gong)期(qi)紧逼(bi),技术复杂的(de)(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程,只有(you)坚决(jue)(jue)服从指挥,才(cai)能(neng)按期(qi)保(bao)质完成施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)任务。再者(zhe),针对具体(ti)情况适当使用(yong)经济(ji)杠杆(gan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)手段,对人(ren)员(yuan)管理必定起到(dao)(dao)(dao)意想(xiang)不(bu)到(dao)(dao)(dao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)作用(yong)。

资料问题

一个(ge)项目(mu)的(de)(de)管理,除了材(cai)料(liao)、施工、技术、人(ren)员(yuan)的(de)(de)管理认(ren)别,还有(you)个(ge)不(bu)容忽视(shi)的(de)(de)问(wen)题就(jiu)是(shi)资料(liao)的(de)(de)管理。任何项目(mu)的(de)(de)验(yan)收(shou)(shou),都(dou)必须(xu)有(you)个(ge)竣(jun)工资料(liao)这一项。竣(jun)工资料(liao)所包(bao)含(han)的(de)(de)材(cai)料(liao)合格证、检验(yan)报告(gao)、竣(jun)工图、验(yan)收(shou)(shou)报告(gao)、设计变更、测量记录、隐(yin)蔽工程验(yan)收(shou)(shou)单,有(you)关技术参数(shu)测定(ding)验(yan)收(shou)(shou)单、工作联(lian)系函、工程签证等等,都(dou)要求(qiu)J9九游会AG 在整个(ge)项目(mu)施工过程中(zhong)要一一注意(yi)收(shou)(shou)集归(gui)类存档。如(ru)有(you)遗漏,将经(jing)竣(jun)工验(yan)收(shou)(shou)和项目(mu)结算带来(lai)不(bu)必要的(de)(de)损失(shi),有(you)的(de)(de)影响更是(shi)无法估量。

保护问题

针对(dui)装(zhuang)饰工程的(de)(de)(de)(de)特(te)点(dian),成(cheng)(cheng)品(pin)保护(hu)可谓至关重(zhong)要,作为最后的(de)(de)(de)(de)一道工序,任何一小点(dian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)破坏(huai)都会从整体(ti)上破坏(huai)美感,影响工程验收。对(dui)于成(cheng)(cheng)品(pin)保护(hu),必须采取(qu)主动(dong)与被动(dong)相结合的(de)(de)(de)(de)做法来防护(hu)。所谓主动(dong),即(ji)采取(qu)相应(ying)的(de)(de)(de)(de)相关防范强制(zhi)性的(de)(de)(de)(de)制(zhi)度,比(bi)如不准(zhun)在(zai)成(cheng)(cheng)品(pin)地(di)面上使用铁梯(ti)等(deng)规定(ding),所谓被动(dong),即(ji)采取(qu)相关的(de)(de)(de)(de)防碰撞等(deng)手段来保护(hu)成(cheng)(cheng)品(pin),比(bi)如在(zai)玻(bo)璃等(deng)易碎品(pin)上遮盖胶合板等(deng)措施(shi)。总之,必须对(dui)成(cheng)(cheng)品(pin)保护(hu)问题天天讲、日(ri)日(ri)抓,重(zhong)典治理,加强灌输成(cheng)(cheng)品(pin)保护(hu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)意(yi)识,提(ti)高工人的(de)(de)(de)(de)认识。

安(an)全(quan)问(wen)题

主要是(shi)关于(yu)(yu)防火、禁止乱搭(da)接电线(xian)、戴安(an)全(quan)帽,脚(jiao)手架搭(da)设,安(an)全(quan)带(dai)等相应的施工安(an)全(quan)问题,需设立专(zhuan)门(men)的安(an)全(quan)小(xiao)组日(ri)日(ri)抓,天天讲,多培训学(xue)习,防患于(yu)(yu)未然。


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